Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine 9th Edition Pdf Download
Oxford handbook of clinical medicine is widely used as a quick consult guide by young physicians. It is concise and precise. It doesn’t tell us the stories and is to the point. That’s why the Oxford handbook of clinical medicine is liked and followed. Now the 9th edition of the Oxford Handbook of clinical medicine …
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Epidemiology And Clinical Medicine-Difference
(4 days ago) In clinical medicine, the patient comes to the doctor while in epidemiological studies epidemiologist goes out into the community to find persons who have the disease or experience of the suspected causal factor in question. 6. A clinician uses laboratory reports and postmortem reports to diagnose disease while in epidemiology the subject
Alprazolam, (Xanax, Alp), side effects, dependency and
(3 days ago) Drug interactions drugs and medicine mental health neurology. Alprazolam, (Xanax, Alp), side effects, dependency and withdrawal. Dr Adil Ramzan. Alprazolam is available in the market with the trade names of Xanax, Alp and many others. It belongs to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines. Xanax is generally used to manage anxiety, stress and
A List of "Drug of Choice" in Various Infections.
(5 days ago) AMC drugs and medicine FCPS Pharmacology PLAB USMLE. A List of "Drug of Choice" in Various Infections. Dr Adil Ramzan. Drug of choice is that drug which is known to be most effective in order to cure an infection or disease. A drug of choice should be accessible, cost-effective, easily tolerable, safe, and most importantly effective against the
Unani Medicine an Overview: Should Unani Medicine be
(6 days ago) Allopathic medicine has strengths as well as weaknesses. In order to combat its weaknesses, the Unani System of Medicine should be combined with the Allopathic System of Medicine. The two Systems of Medicine can work hand-in-hand to treat and prevent life-threatening diseases. It is a pity that M.B.B.S students are taught very little about
(8 days ago) drugs and medicine mental health. Neuroleptics - Antipsychotic Drugs - Major Tranquilizers - indications - Adverse/side effects - Pchizopherina treatment. Dr Adil Ramzan. Neuroleptics are antipsychotic drugs used for the treatment of schizophrenia. These are also called major tranquillizers.
Mechanical Ventilation, Types, Indications, Complications
(8 days ago) Types of Mechanical Ventilation: Mechanical ventilation may be non-invasive or invasive. 1. Non- invasive mechanical ventilation. In non- invasive respiration is supported with a face mask or nasal mask so that, endotracheal intubation is avoided. The patient should be conscious, cooperative, be able to breathe spontaneously and cough effectively.
Health Benefits of Indian Gentian
(3 days ago) Gentian extract has been used in traditional herbal medicine in India to treat gastrointestinal problems. It is used to treat loss of appetite indigestion, diarrhoea and intestinal gas. Bile stasis predisposes to the formation of gall stones. It increases the release of bile by enhancing gallbladder contractions.
Non-Pharmacological or Home treatment of Yeast Infection
(7 days ago) Anti-fungal medicines are available in the following forms. 1. Antifungal creams and ointments. Antifungal creams and ointments are applied to the affected area. Over-the-counter antifungal creams are available without a prescription and are commonly available. 2. Oral Antifungal pills. In case of severe infection oral antifungal pills are used.
(1 days ago) Dr Adil Ramzan Drug interactions drugs and medicine Prof Dr Rauf Niazi. Safe Anti-Epileptics - Not Enzyme Inducers or Inhibitors - Dr. Adil Ramzan. Dr Adil Ramzan. Sometimes it becomes difficult to choose a drug in those patients who have multiple co-morbidities. That is are suffering from more than one disease and physician needs to choose a
Recommended Books For Final Year (5th year) MBBS
(6 days ago) Use your community medicine knowledge (LOL). Well, Here i am providing you a list of medical books being studied in final year MBBS. (that is a 5th year). Now you will have the list and this will make your search and decision a little bit easier i think. MEDICINE.
Team Of Excellence – Medicotips.com – The Health
(5 days ago) Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. Khyber Medical University, Pakistan. CME Courses from. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Click here to read more about Dr. Adil Ramzan. Dr. Siddique Akbar Satti. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.
Drugs Known to Cause Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH
(9 days ago) Definitive causes of Pulmonary Artery Hypertension. Aminorex: A drug which was previously prescribed for weight loss, later withdrawn from the market when it was noticed that it causes pulmonary artery hypertension. Fenfluramine: Another drug which was used in past for the purpose of weight loss, it is an anorectic drug, and decreases appetite.
How to taper off, wean off beta blocker, atenolol
(8 days ago) drugs and medicine. How to taper off, wean off beta blocker, atenolol, Propranolol, Metoprolol. Dr Adil Ramzan. Beta blockers include, atenolol (Tenormin), propranolol (Inderal ) and metoprolol (Lopressor) and are used to treat high blood pressure, certain cardiac problems, migraine and few other conditions.
Should Myrin-P Forte be taken before or after taking meal
(9 days ago) The answer to this question is that the patient should take the medicine 1 hour before taking breakfast. It is better to take the drug before breakfast because most of the people have fixed time of having breakfast and this drug is well-absorbed when taken empty stomach. Moreover, after taking the drug, if a person vomits then it is easy to
Which anti-thyroid drug is safe in pregnancy
(4 days ago) Drug interactions drugs and medicine Endocrinology Pregnancy Pregnancy / Gynecology. Which anti-thyroid drug is safe in pregnancy? Dr Adil Ramzan. Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which thyroid gland starts to secrete an increased amount of thyroxine in the blood. This, in turn, produces several effects in the body, including, palpitations
Brilinta (Ticagrelor) Indications, Side effects and warnings.
(6 days ago) Drug interactions drugs and medicine. Brilinta (Ticagrelor) Indications, Side effects and warnings. Dr Adil Ramzan. Brilinta contains Ticagrelor as an active ingredient. It is an antiplatelet drug and works by inhibiting the platelet activation. Inhibition of platelet activation decreases the risk of …
(8 days ago) Amenorrhea is a term used in medicine which means the absence of menstrual vaginal bleeding. Types Of Amenorrhea: Amenorrhea is classified as Primary Amenorrhea and Secondary Amenorrhea. Primary Amenorrhea: Primary Amenorrhea means menstruation has never been started in a woman even after the age 16. Causes Of Primary Amenorrhea:
Calculation of Caloric requirements of a normal and sick
(8 days ago) Now we have the values of all the variables that are need to calculate total calorie requirement. Now, as we know that; Total calorie requirement (TCR) = (basal energy expenditure) x (activity factor) x (injury factor) So in your case; TCR = 1750 x 1.3 x 1.2. So Total Calorie requirement = 2730 calories. So you need 2730 calories daily in order
Causes of White Pupillary Reflex Differential Diagnosis
(8 days ago) Following are the causes of white pupillary reflex in early life and these causes must be included in the differential diagnosis. 1. Congenital Cataract. A congenital cataract is the congenital opacity of the lens of the eye. When light is thrown into the eye it gives white pupillary reflex. 2. Retinoblastoma. It is a congenital tumour of retina.
Atorvastatin (Lipitor), Mechanism Of Action, Therapeutic
(3 days ago) Atorvastatin (Lipitor) competitively inhibit HMG coenzyme A reductase, a rate-limiting step in cholesterol synthesis. Reduce cholesterol synthesis results in a compensatory increase in uptake of plasma cholesterol mediated by an increase in the number of LDL receptors. therefore LDL level in …
Iceberg Of Disease Concept
(8 days ago) Iceberg of disease: According to the concept of iceberg of disease, disease in a community may be compared with an iceberg. The floating tip of the iceberg represents what the physician sees in the community. The tips represents those persons who have showed symptoms of the disease and are recognized as cases (diseased persons).
Cancerous and Benign Causes of Elevated CEA 125 Level
(9 days ago) Cancerous and Benign Causes of Elevated CEA 125 Level. CEA 125 is an antigen that is expressed in the epithelial linings of the female genital tract, respiratory tract, cornea and conjunctiva. It is encoded by the MUC 16 gene (Mucin 16 Gene). MUC 16 protein (CEA), is a complex molecule, heavily glycosylated and easily water soluble, which
Needle stick injury from Hepatitis C positive patient-Risk
(6 days ago) This is the most important question, after getting a needle stick injury, first of all, report it to your hospital administration. and do the following steps. Wash the wound thoroughly with soap and antiseptic solution. Inquire about the patient hepatitis status, that is, whether …
Cholelithiasis and Choledocholelithiasis-Signs Symptoms
(9 days ago) Cholelithiasis is the presence of calculus (stone) within the gallbladder. The gallbladder has a pear shape, with size approximately 10 cm. It is located near the liver and its function is to store bile. Bile is produced by the liver and is carried to the gallbladder to be stored and disposed of in the presence of food, especially rich in fats.
Calcium-Phosphate Product and Its Significance In CKD
(3 days ago) Calcium-Phosphate Product and Its Significance In CKD. Dr Adil Ramzan. Chronic kidney disease, in its later stages, may cause hyperphosphatemia. Hyperphosphatemia promotes the bone resorption and tend to increase the amount of calcium in vessels and increases the risk of vascular calcification. Parathyroid hormone also increases in chronic
Ezetimibe (Zetia) , Mechanism Of Action, Therapeutic Uses
(5 days ago) drugs and medicine. Ezetimibe (Zetia) , Mechanism Of Action, Therapeutic Uses, Side effects. Dr Adil Ramzan. Ezetimibe (Zetia) Mechanism Of Action. Ezetimibe acts within the intestine to reduce cholesterol absorption. Cholesterol is absorbed from the small intestine by a process that includes specific transporters that have not been completely
An unusual case of stomach cancer, Dr. Siddique Akbar
(6 days ago) Endoscopy was done by Dr. Siddique Akbar Satti (Head Department of Medicine Capital Hospital Islamabad), which showed following picture. The above pictures show gastro-esophageal end of stomach. You can see that there is a large annular growth in the stomach that has made the gastric cavity very narrow. This is a large annular tumor and this
colesevelam (WelChol), Mechanism Of action, Therapeutic
(9 days ago) colesevelam (WelChol) is generally safe because are not absorbed in the small intestine. common side effects are; colesevelam (WelChol) has lesser GI side effects (constipation, nausea and diarrhoea) than other drugs like Colestipol and Cholestyramine. these drugs interfere with the absorption of anionic drugs ( e.g digitalis and warfarin)
Azithromycin with Statins causes severe rhabdomyolysis
(9 days ago) Professor Dr. Rauf Niazi, Dean of Medicine and Allied, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, advised, "Take careful drug history before prescribing azithromycin, as we know that azithromycin may cause QT prolongation and we should avoid giving it to the patient who are already taking a drug known to cause QT prolongation, now we also
Dr. Siddique Akbar Satti
(3 days ago) The Medicine department of Capital Hospital is the largest of all departments. Every year Capital Hospital receives more than hundred thousand patients in the out-patient department of medicine alone. More than 10,000 patients are admitted in the department of medicine every year. He is the one of the pioneer gastro-enterology fellows of CPSP.
Baking Soda as Treatment of Barrett’s Esophagus, Heart
(6 days ago) Baking Soda as Treatment of Barrett’s Esophagus, Heart burn and Digestive Upset. Barrett’s oesophagus or Barrett's oesophagus is a condition in which the lower end of the oesophagus is involved. The innermost lining of the lower end of oesophagus changes from oesophagal to intestinal form. The main cause of this change is the reflux of
An Unusual Case of Esophageal Cancer, Dr. Siddique Akbar Satti
(9 days ago) A 61-year-old male patient presented in the outpatient department of medicine in Capital Hospital Islamabad, complaining of severe epigastric pain that had been increased in intensity since last 15 days. The onset of pain was sudden, burning and pinching in character, aggravated by intake of food and relieved by strong painkillers and pain
Primary Health Care In Pakistan- Approach-Implementation
(1 days ago) 2. Disregard of Human rights. There is ethnic violence, social evils and terrorism, a great disregard to humanity. so most of the amount spent on law and order. 3. Commitment of the leaders. It is more to spent money on sophisticated and modern technology in fields other than health. 4.
Gemfibrozil (Lopid), mechanism Of Action, Therapeutic Uses
(7 days ago) drugs and medicine. Gemfibrozil (Lopid), mechanism Of Action, Therapeutic Uses, Side Effects. Dr Adil Ramzan. Gemfibrozil (Lopid) Mechanism Of Action: Gemfibrozil (Lopid) stimulates the activity of peroxisome proliferating activating receptors (PPAR alpha), a class of nuclear receptor. Activation of these receptors alters the transcription of a
Beef tapeworm, Lifecycle, Clinical Signs, Diagnosis and
(8 days ago) Beef tapeworm, Lifecycle, Clinical Signs, Diagnosis and Treatment. Dr Adil Ramzan. Beef tapeworm also called Taenia saginata is a long segmented tape like worm. It tends to grow in length up to 10 meters. It is white in color and its body consists of a head, a neck and segments (proglottids). Its eggs are liberated by rupture of ripe proglottids.
Dr. Adil Ramzan – Founder of Medicotips.com – Health and
(9 days ago) During the course of his education, he had also participated in various CME programs of Harvard Medical University and Perelman School of Medicine. He Joined Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences in Jan 2016 as Post-graduate resident in the Department of Internal Medicine. In Jan 2019 he …
Most Common Diarrhea Causing Pathogens In the World
(8 days ago) The Most Common Diarrhea Causing Pathogens: There are many causes of infectious diarrhea. Among viruses, Norovirus is the most common cause of diarrhea in elderly people while rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhea in children less than 5 years of age. Adeno and astroviruses are also involved frequently in producing diarrhea.
Cholestyramine (Questran), Mechanism Of Action
(6 days ago) cholestyramine (Questran) is effective in reducing plasma cholesterol level (to about 10 - 20 % ) in patients with some normal LDL receptors. cholestyramine (Questran) is ineffective in the treatment of patients who completely lack LDL receptors due to a genetic defect ( homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia).
EUTHANASIA AND ETHICAL ARGUMENTS: HUMAN DIGNITY AT …
(8 days ago) Euthanasia generally classified as active or passive, and classified as either voluntary or involuntary. In active euthanasia patient is served to death by injecting with poison, providing overdose medicine etc. In passive euthanasia patient is withdrawn of any medical treatment or facility which causes patient death.
Recurrent Tuberculosis: TB came back after taking the
(5 days ago) The Medicine of tuberculosis should be taken regularly for 8-9 months without interruption. Those patients who are not properly educated by their doctors about the treatment of tuberculosis, are not careful about taking their medications regularly. Some patients stop taking medicine after two or three months when they start feeling better.
Simvastatin (Zocor), Mechanism of Action, Therapeutic Uses
(7 days ago) Simvastatin (Zocor) competitively inhibit HMG coenzyme A reductase, a rate-limiting step in cholesterol synthesis. Reduce cholesterol synthesis results in a compensatory increase in uptake of plasma cholesterol mediated by an increase in the number of LDL receptors. therefore LDL level in …
People who survived rabies, a disease with 100% mortality
(3 days ago) People who survived rabies, a disease with 100% mortality–Dr. Maha Ahmed. Dr Adil Ramzan. Dr Maha Ahmed, working as a medical officer in Capital Hospital (CDA Hospital) of Islamabad, Pakistan says, “Rabies is a fatal disease, with a mortality rate of 100%. Once signs and symptoms of rabies appear, nothing much can be done but there are only
(4 days ago) Atypical Anti Depressants: Atypical antidepressants have actions at several different sites. They are not SSRIs or SNRIs. They have different mechanisms of actions. They are different in the side-effect profile and have additional beneficial effects and indications. However, they are more efficacious than TCAs (tricyclic antidepressants)
Colestipol (Colestid), Mechanism Of Action, Therapeutic
(9 days ago) Colestipol (Colestid) is effective in reducing plasma cholesterol level (to about 10 - 20 % ) in patients with some normal LDL receptors. Colestipol (Colestid) is ineffective in the treatment of patients who completely lack LDL receptors due to a genetic defect ( homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia).
Dr. Rauf Niazi Professor of Internal Medicine
(5 days ago) Professor Dr Rauf Niazi is the Head of Department of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology of Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University PIMS Islamabad, Pakistan.He is well-known internist and endocrinologist of Pakistan. He has earned multiple fellowships including Fellowship of American College of Endocrinology, Fellowship of Royal College of Physician (London), FRCP (Glasgow), Fellowship