Evidence-based medicine, part 4. An introduction to

1 Department of Family Medicine, University of North Texas Health Science Center-Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine, Fort Worth, TX 76107-2553, USA. [email protected] PMID: 17785688

Actived: 1 days ago


Medicine: science or art

(1 days ago) Debate over the status of medicine as an Art or Science continues. The aim of this paper is to discuss the meaning of Art and Science in terms of medicine, and to find out to what extent they have their roots in the field of medical practice. What is analysed is whether medicine is an "art based on …

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Evidence-based medicine

(Just Now) Evidence-based medicine, whose philosophical origins extend back to mid-19th century Paris and earlier, is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. The practice of evidence-based medicine means integrating indiv …

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Nanotechnology and medicine

(1 days ago) Nanotechnology, or systems/device manufacture at the molecular level, is a multidisciplinary scientific field undergoing explosive development. The genesis of nanotechnology can be traced to the promise of revolutionary advances across medicine, communications, genomics and robotics. On the surface, …

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What is nutritional medicine

(Just Now) Nutritional Medicine is based on the principle that nutrients, including essential micronutrients, are required for the proper functioning of all the biochemical processes on which our bodies depend. Therefore, when treating symptoms or diseases, we look for the underlying causes which, although oft …

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Chronic Medication Use in Children Insured by Medicaid: A

(1 days ago) Affiliations. 1 Adult and Child Consortium for Health Outcomes Research and Delivery Science, University of Colorado and Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado; [email protected] 2 Children's Hospital Association, Lenexa, Kansas. 3 College of …

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Exercise Is Medicine

(1 days ago) Exercise is Medicine was established in 2007 by the American College of Sports Medicine to inform and educate physicians and other health care providers about exercise as well as bridge the widening gap between health care and health fitness. Physicians have many competing demands at the point of care, which often translates into limited time

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Effect of cranial osteopathic manipulative medicine on

(1 days ago) Context: The use of cranial osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) to alter cerebral tissue oxygen saturation could play a role in the maintenance of cerebral homeostasis. Objective: To examine the effects of cranial OMM on cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (S(CT)O(2)) and cardiac autonomic function in healthy adults. Methods: Cranial OMM augmentation and suppression techniques and sham

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Mesopotamian medicine

(1 days ago) Although the Mesopotamian civilisation is as old as that of Egypt and might even have predated it, we know much less about Mesopotamian medicine, mainly because the cuneiform source material is less well researched. Medical healers existed from the middle of the 3rd millennium. In line with the stro …

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Community medicine: education and practice

(Just Now) The community medicine practitioner is devoted to preventing the occurrence of complaints in the population. The role of the clinician in the prevention of disease is important but limited. Education for medical practice should begin by defining the problem to be faced. The future practitioner should be educated about these problems and then

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What is evidence-based medicine and why should I care

(1 days ago) The principles of evidence-based medicine provide the tools to incorporate the best evidence into everyday practice. Evidence-based medicine is the integration of individual clinical expertise with the best available research evidence from systematic research and the patient's values and expectations.

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Public health training in internal medicine residency

(1 days ago) Background: The IOM recommends public health training for all physicians. Data characterizing such training of internal medicine (IM) residents are lacking. Purpose: To describe the current state of public health education at IM residency programs, characterize programs offering public health education, and quantify interest in expanding training opportunities.

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What is digital medicine

(1 days ago) Changes in health care are a fundamental part of social and intellectual evolution. The modern practice of scientific medicine depends on the existence of the written and printed word to store medical information. Because computers can transform information as well as store it, new digital tools can …

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Lifestyle Medicine: A Brief Review of Its Dramatic Impact

(1 days ago) 15 Nuclear Medicine Specialist at the Sacramento Medical Center and at the Roseville Medical Center in CA. [email protected] 16 Internist at the Skyline Medical Offices in Salem, OR. [email protected] 17 Orthopedic Surgeon at the Lakeview Medical Offices and at the Orange County Medical Center in Anaheim, CA. [email protected]

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The Institute of Medicine and its quality of healthcare in

(1 days ago) The Institute of Medicine evolved from these deliberations and, like the National Academy of Sciences, is an independent, non-governmental, nonprofit organization with a mandate to provide the government and others with advice, counsel, and independent research on major topics in healthcare.

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The Need for Precision Medicine to be Applied to Diabetes

(1 days ago) Precision medicine refers to the tailoring of medical treatment for an individual based on large amounts of biologic and extrinsic data. The fast advancing fields of molecular biology, gene sequencing, machine learning, and other technologies enable precision medicine to utilize this detailed information to enhance clinical management decision-making for an individual in the real time of the

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Medicine as a Community of Practice: Implications for

(1 days ago) Steinert is professor of family medicine and director, Centre for Medical Education of McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. PMID: 28746073 DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001826

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What is precision medicine

(1 days ago) The term "precision medicine" has become very popular over recent years, fuelled by scientific as well as political perspectives. Despite its popularity, its exact meaning, and how it is different from other popular terms such as "stratified medicine", "targeted therapy" or "deep phenotyping" remains unclear.

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The Future of Family Medicine: a collaborative project of

(1 days ago) Family medicine education must continue to include training in maternity care, the care of hospitalized patients, community and population health, and culturally effective and proficient care. A comprehensive lifelong learning program for each family physician will support continuous personal, professional, and clinical practice assessment and

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Sex and gender: modifiers of health, disease, and medicine

(1 days ago) Affiliations 1 Diabetes Discovery & Sex-Based Medicine Laboratory, Section of Endocrinology, John W Deming Department of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine and Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System Medical Center, New Orleans, LA, USA. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Barbra Streisand Women's Heart Center, Cedars-Sinai Smidt Heart Institute, …

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The Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Combined With

(1 days ago) CHM combined with conventional Western medicine may be effective in lowering blood pressure and improving vascular endothelial function in patients with hypertension. To further confirm this, more well-designed studies with large sample sizes, strict randomization, and clear descriptions about detec …

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Sulfur in human nutrition and applications in medicine

(1 days ago) Because the role of elemental sulfur in human nutrition has not been studied extensively, it is the purpose of this article to emphasize the importance of this element in humans and discuss the therapeutic applications of sulfur compounds in medicine. Sulfur is the sixth most abundant macromineral i …

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From "one medicine" to "one health" and systemic

(1 days ago) Considering a broader approach to health and well-being of societies, the original concept of "one medicine" was extended to "one health" through practical implementations and careful validations in different settings. Given the global health thinking in recent decades, ecosystem approaches to …

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Traditional Japanese medicine, Kampo: its history and

(1 days ago) Traditional Japanese medicine, Kampo, is used by over 80% of medical doctors in Japan. Owing to its high quality and safety, Kampo has been integrated into modern medicine, and there are 345 randomized controlled trials using Kampo in Japan as of 2010. …

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Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in the treatment of

(1 days ago) COVID-19 has remained an uncontained, worldwide pandemic. While battling for the disease in China, six Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) recipes have been shown to be remarkably effective for treating patients with COVID-19. The present review discusses principles of TCM in curing infectious diseas …

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From Hippocrates to modern medicine

(1 days ago) Hippocrates was the first to introduce the concept of 'physis' and to transform hieratic or theocratic medicine into rational medicine. The overall construction of the Asclepieion on Kos clearly indicates that he and his school followed a holistic concept, combining scientific thought with drug therapy, diet schedules, and physical and mental exercise, also asking for God's help.

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Use of echinacea in medicine

(1 days ago) Echinacea, also known as the purple coneflower, is an herbal medicine that has been used for centuries, customarily as a treatment for the common cold, coughs, bronchitis, upper respiratory infections, and some inflammatory conditions. Research on echinacea, including clinical trials, is limited and …

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High-performance medicine: the convergence of human and

(1 days ago) In medicine, this is beginning to have an impact at three levels: for clinicians, predominantly via rapid, accurate image interpretation; for health systems, by improving workflow and the potential for reducing medical errors; and for patients, by enabling them to process their own data to promote health.

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Single-cell RNA sequencing in cardiovascular development

(1 days ago) Single-cell RNA sequencing in cardiovascular development, disease and medicine. Nat Rev Cardiol. 2020 Aug;17 (8):457-473. doi: 10.1038/s41569-020-0359-y. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

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What is narrative-based medicine

(1 days ago) Objective: To raise awareness of narrative-based medicine (NBM) as a valuable approach to the consultation, which, if practised more widely by GPs, would convey considerable benefits to both patients and physicians. Sources of information: Principally, the perspectives of 2 of NBM's key proponents, Rita Charon and John Launer. Main message: This first in a series of 3 articles outlines what

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High-altitude medicine

(1 days ago) 1 Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0623, USA. [email protected] PMID: 23103737 DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201207-1323CI

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Food is medicine: actions to integrate food and nutrition

(1 days ago) Affiliations 1 Center for Health Law and Policy Innovation, Harvard Law School, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA [email protected]; 2 Division of General Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.; 3 Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North …

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A traditional Chinese medicine formula NRICM101 to target

(1 days ago) COVID-19 is a global pandemic, with over 50 million confirmed cases and 1.2 million deaths as of November 11, 2020. No therapies or vaccines so far are recommended to treat or prevent the new coronavirus. A novel traditional Chinese medicine formula, …

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All Health Is Global Health, All Medicine Is Social

(1 days ago) The analyses and techniques of social medicine provide an invaluable toolkit for providing health care in the United States and abroad.In 2007, Harvard Medical School implemented a new course, required for all first-year students, that teaches social medicine in a way that integrates global health.

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Traditional chinese medicine for diabetic retinopathy: A

(1 days ago) Background: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used to treat diabetic complications including diabetic retinopathy for many years. Objectives: This review was performed to systematically assess the efficacy and safety of TCM for treating non- proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). Methods: Retrieval from 7 electronic databases was conducted to determine eligible trials …

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Critical care medicine in the United States 2000-2005: an

(1 days ago) Critical care medicine continues to grow in a shrinking U.S. hospital system. The critical care medicine payer mix is evolving, with Medicaid increasing in its percentage of critical care medicine use. Critical care medicine is more cost controlled than other healthcare indexes, but is still using a …

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From Big Data to Precision Medicine

(1 days ago) 9 Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom. PMID: 30881956 PMCID: PMC6405506 DOI: 10.3389/fmed.2019.00034 Abstract For over a decade the term "Big data" has been used to describe the rapid increase in volume, variety and velocity of information available, not just in medical research

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Dietary supplements and herbal medicine for COVID-19: A

(1 days ago) Herbal supplements may help patients with COVID-19, zinc sulfate is likely to shorten the duration of olfactory dysfunction. DS therapy and herbal medicine appear to be safe and effective adjuvant therapies for patients with COVID-19. These results …

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Integrative Medicine in Preventive Medicine Education

(1 days ago) During 2012, the USDHHS's Health Resources and Services Administration funded 12 accredited preventive medicine residencies to incorporate an evidence-based integrative medicine curriculum into their training programs. It also funded a national coordinating center at the American College of Preventi …

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Chinese herbal medicine for cancer pain

(1 days ago) The studies reviewed in this article suggest that Chinese herbal medicine may be useful for managing cancer pain, at least for short-term application. The products evaluated appear relatively safe, with no serious adverse effects reported. However, the quality of the published reports is variable. M …

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Ethics in sports medicine

(1 days ago) Physicians have struggled with the medical ramifications of athletic competition since ancient Greece, where rational medicine and organized athletics originated. Historically, the relationship between sport and medicine was adversarial because of conflicts between health and sport. However, modern …

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Evidence-based practice guideline on integrative medicine

(1 days ago) Objective: Stroke is the leading cause of death and disability in China. Chinese medicine integrated with conventional medicine is now widely used in the prevention and treatment of stroke. A clinical practice guideline for the application of integrative medicine in stroke is urgently needed.

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d-dimer and Death in Critically Ill Patients With

(1 days ago) Affiliations. 1 Larner College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT. 2 Division of Renal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA. 3 Department of Internal Medicine, Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall, Nutley, NJ. 4 Department of Internal Medicine, Heart & Vascular Hospital, Hackensack Meridian Health

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Exercise and the Institute of Medicine recommendations for

(1 days ago) The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institutes of Medicine (IOM) recently released energy, macronutrient, and fluid recommendations, which acknowledged for the first time that active individuals have unique nutritional needs. The IOM calculated an acceptable macronutrient distribution range for …

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Nephrotoxicity and Chinese Herbal Medicine

(1 days ago) Chinese herbal medicine has been practiced for the prevention, treatment, and cure of diseases for thousands of years. Herbal medicine involves the use of natural compounds, which have relatively complex active ingredients with varying degrees of side effects. Some of …

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Is Oxytocin "Nature's Medicine"

(1 days ago) Oxytocin is a pleiotropic, peptide hormone with broad implications for general health, adaptation, development, reproduction, and social behavior. Endogenous oxytocin and stimulation of the oxytocin receptor support patterns of growth, resilience, and healing. Oxytocin can function as a stress-copin …

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